The Antique Batik of Tjoa’s written Batik 3 negeri comes from Solo Jawa Tengah, for batik lovers will need to have recognized Tjoa’s batik. tjoa grouped loved ones is batik artisan that’s so popular previously to the present. Batik is classified because antique in today’s and has the worthiness of art The type of batik 3 negeri has a variety and complex, filled with a diverse background. The complexity of design that takes a long time and a long process is the handmade that time-tested, resulting in a piece of dazzling fabrics.
In addition to the family of Tjoa, Solo, batik 3 negeri can be found in north coast of Java in particular like Cirebon, Pekalongan, Semarang, Batang, Lasem, eastern Java island with a diverse motif. just like to do batik fabric process in 3 different place to make this batik in 3 cities such as, Solo, Pekalongan and Lasem. Based on its history, the other uniqueness of this batik lies from its colouring, that is in 3 different places / locations. If you think about it, why? … must be in 3 different locations, is not it a waste of time, cost and labor. It turns out that the uniqueness of 3 native batik is located on the element of colouring, the three countries in question is not necessarily exploring out of the country but 3 different cities in Java namely Solo (Surakarta), Lasem (Rembang) and Pekalongan. distance each place and the other is very far , can be imagined in the past they have to travel so long and far to the fabric of the 3 city of Central Java as a province formed since the time of the Dutch East Indies.
Until 1905, Central Java includes 5 places (gewesten) namely Semarang, Rembang, Kedu, Banyumas, and Pekalongan. Surakarta continues to be a self-ruled swapraja kingdom (vorstenland) and includes two regions, Mangkunegaran and surakarta, along with Yogyakarta. Each gewest includes districts. In those days Rembang Gewest included the Regentschap of Tuban and Bojonegoro also.
Following the enactment of the Decentralisatie Besluit in 1905, gewesten was given autonomy and founded the Regional Council. Additionally it is established gemeente (municipality) are usually autonomous, pekalongan namely, Tegal, Semarang, Salatiga, and Magelang. start from 1930 years, the province of central java has planned being an regional autonomy that includes a Provinciale Raad also. Provinces contain several residences (residentie), such as several regentschaps, and so are subdivided into several districts. Main Java Province includes 5 residencies, namely: Pekalongan, Jepara-Rembang, Semarang, Banyumas, and Kedu.
Pekalongan Batik, History and Progress
On the border of North Java, batik is called “batik pesisiran”. Historically, there are three types of batik pekalongan. The first ones, is local batik. It is made by using local style. The pattern doesn’t refer to princes’ rule, but it takes market progress by using the product sold out quickly.
The second one is “batik encim”. It is made in China, and can be defined in 3 categories. The pattern is based on “buketan accessories,” china culture, and various paintings. The third one is “batik londo” made in Holland whose accessories were a Dutch culture
These tree batiks are improved each other and it has their own customer. Among them, it is admitted that local batik is oldest even though it is unknown when and who the batik maker is. Generally it had existed before China and Dutch trader came. The glory period of pekalongan batik occurred around 1850: Elyza Van Zuylen product, Oey Soen King, until by the time of World War II, the product of Mrs. Sastromulyono was also known.
Pekalongan batik that had been produced in 1942-1945 appeared after World War II when Japan occupied Indonesia. Thus, Indonesia trade in cooperation with Dutch was over. So did unbleached plain cloth and dye trade. It led the lack of supply. If any, the price was too expensive. In this period, the batik producer made a new one. It was more sophisticated and made by implementing “Padat Karya system (Work full system). The purpose was to make slower and not lose of employees. Unexpectedly, it brought a great impact. Batik Java Hokokai was known then.
1980- 1997 was a critical situation, then they produced silk batik and batik recovered step by step and the customer increased their demands. In 1999, they applied batik in wholesale. It had an intention to access bigger market and to make closer to the customer as well as create pekalongan become “kota batik or batik city”.